Romania, 1958. Postillion Blowing Horn, Mail Coach on Horseback

Romania, 1958. Postillion, Mail Coach

    Coach, four-wheeled, horse-drawn carriage, used to carry passengers; today the term is also used to refer to a railway passenger carriage or a long-distance, well-appointed bus.
    Fundamental features of coach design include a heavy body suspended on springs and equipped with side doors and front and rear seats; a roof that forms part of the body; and an elevated seat for the driver, which is attached to the front of the body. The name coach is derived from Kocs, a village in northwest Hungary, where carriages of this kind were first conceived, probably in the 14th century. In its early development, the coach was elaborately designed and was used predominantly by the European nobility and royalty for purposes of state. The bodies of these early coaches were suspended from iron standards on the axles with leather straps instead of springs.
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Austria, 1933 (facsimile 1981), Stagecoach, after Moritz von Schwind Denmark, Hafnia Sheet IV, issued 27th August, 1987.
Moritz von Schwind (1804-1871). The Honeymoon Trip of the Singer Karoline Hetznecker. The top of the four-part painting named "Symphony". 1852. 169.3 x 99.5 cm. Munich, Neue Pinakothek.

    The first coaches were introduced into England about 1560, and soon thereafter Elizabeth I acquired her first state coach. Near the end of the 16th century the coach developed into the stagecoach, a public vehicle used for transporting passengers and goods, using fresh horses over each stage of the journey. The stagecoach was subsequently introduced into the United States, where it figured prominently in early intercity and interstate transport.

Bolivia, 1991, Mail Coach, after Rudolf Koller Romania, 1967. Crossing the Buzau,
Romania, 1970. Mail Coach in Winter,
Romania, 1997. Mail Coach,

   An extensive network of stagecoach routes had been established in England by 1750, and in 1784 the British government began carrying mail over these routes. As a result of improved roads, stagecoaches on many of the British routes were averaging, by the early 19th century, a speed of about 16 km/h (10 mph).

Austria, 1964. 15th Congres of the UPU. Adam Klein, Mailcoach in the Mountains Austria, 1964. 15th Congres of the UPU. Friedrich Gauermann , Changing Horses at the Bavarian Border. Austria, 1964. 15th Congres of the UPU.  Julius Hoermann, Changing Horses at Relay Station

   This speed was frequently exceeded on many of the American runs, notably those in the western frontier region. The railway gradually replaced the stagecoach as a means of transport. After Microsoft Encarta 1996.

Romania, 1991. Mail Coach. 100 Years of te Romanian Philatelic Society Romania, 1998. Mail Coach and the 140th Anniversary of the First Stamps of Moldova
Romania, 1995. Centenary of the Local Post Paltinis. Stamp Day.


Revised: 02/26/01. Copyright 1998 - 2001 by Victor Manta, Switzerland. All rights reserved in all countries.

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