Flemish Paintings Collection
Short biographical data
on old Flemish masters whose works are displayed in
the Hermitage Museum (Point on the stamps with the mouse index for more information about
the works of art displayed and about the stamps).
Dyck, Sir Anthony van (1599-1641),
Flemish painter, who was one of the most important and prolific portraitists
of the 17th century and one of the most brilliant colorists in the history
portraits of Italian aristocrats—frequently of men on prancing horses or
ladies in black gowns—he created idealized figures with proud, erect
stances, slender figures, and the famous expressive “van Dyck” hands.
Influenced by the great Venetian painters Titian,
Paolo Veronese, and Giovanni Bellini, he adopted colors of great richness
and jewel-like purity. No other painter of the age surpassed van Dyck in
capturing the shimmering whites of satin, the smooth blues of silk, or the
rich crimsons of velvet. He was the quintessential painter of aristocracy,
and was particularly successful in Genoa.
Van Dyck painted most of the English aristocracy of the
time, and his style became lighter and more luminous, with thinner paint and
more sparkling highlights in gold and silver. Van
Dyck was one of the most influential 17th-century painters. He set a new
style for Flemish art and founded the English school of painting; the
portraitists Sir Joshua Reynolds and Thomas Gainsborough of that school were
his artistic heirs. He died in London on December 9, 1641.
(c. 1580-1666), Dutch painter, one of the greatest masters of the art
of portraiture, much admired for his brilliant lighting effects and the
freedom of his brushwork. In all his portraits Hals achieved an air of
complete spontaneity; his subjects give the impression of being caught in a
fleeting, but characteristic, pose and expression. Although
his portraits appear spontaneous and uncalculated, Hals was an
expert technician, and his studies are always skilfully composed. In
his group portraits Hals demonstrates the ability to catch each man
in a characteristic pose, thus giving the group an air of
informality and naturalness; each individual is clearly portrayed,
yet all are linked in a well-balanced pattern in line and color.
(1579-1657), Flemish painter, born in Antwerp. One of
his teachers was Pieter Brueghel the Younger. After making his reputation as
a painter of flower and fruit still lives, Snyders became a master of animal
painting and did notable canvases of hunting scenes and animals in combat.
Snyders worked as an assistant in the studios of Peter Paul Rubens and Jacob
Jordaens painting animals in large works.
|| Steen, Jan
Havickszoon (1626-1679), Dutch painter, who is
especially noted for genre scenes. He was born in Leiden and educated at the
University of Leiden. He is believed to have studied painting first
in Utrecht with the German artist Nicolaus Knupfer, then in The
Hague with the Dutch artist Jan van Goyen, whose daughter he married
in 1649. Steen lived at The Hague until 1654, when he moved to Delft
and, according to tradition, adopted his father's occupation of
brewer.He was a prolific painter, particularly
of lively tavern scenes and of children, although he painted landscapes,
portraits, and religious works as well.
(1617-1681), Dutch painter, born in Zwolle, the son of a painter. He
went to England in 1635, to Italy in 1640, and in 1648
to Münster, Westphalia, where he painted his celebrated Swearing
of the Oath of the Peace Treaty between the Dutch and Spanish at
Münster (1648, National Gallery, London),
which granted Dutch independence from Spain and brought the Eighty
Years' War to a close. He
worked in the realistic tradition of Frans Hals, Jan Vermeer, and other
Dutch painters, with careful attention to lighting and to the rendering of
© 2000 by Victor Manta, Switzerland.
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